Pool is a game with many different variations, but one thing that stays the same is that a game starts with someone racking the balls. As a result, learning how to rack a pool table is essential for any player. Without racking the balls, you can’t play the game at all.
This is a game that is loved by millions of people around the world. It’s played in bars across the globe. Additionally, although it’s a popular recreational sport, there are lots of professional players that compete to be the best every year.
Although pool is very well known, it’s possible that you don’t know what it is. So before you learn how to rack a pool table, let’s cover that.
What Is Pool?
Before you learn how to rack a pool table, we’d like to make sure you know what the game is, so let’s get into it. Although you may think of it as a specific sport, it isn’t. Instead, pool is a classification of cue sports played on a table with six pockets that you try to knock balls into.
There are several variations of pool, but the most popular game is eight-ball. Eight-ball is the game you likely play at the bar with friends. But people play several other variations every day.
The History of Pool
Before we teach you how to rack a pool table, we’d like to talk about the history of pool a little bit. We think that understanding pool’s history is essential. So, we’ll share a little bit of that information with you before getting into how to rack a pool table.
There are records of some forms of pool dating back to the 15th century in Northern Europe. It originated as a game for royalty. Additionally, it started as an outdoor game that players played alongside croquet.
In the late 1600s, the cue was perfected and was more or less made into what we have today. Before then, you would hit the ball with something that resembled a mace. It was also around this time that chalk started to be used to increase friction between the cue and the ball.
Initially, the pockets were hazards that were supposed to make it more difficult for players to strike another ball. However, they were quickly changed to be the targets to hit the balls into.
Furthermore, although pool is now the name that categorizes many cue sports, it originated as a term that referenced betting. Billiard tables were another thing to bet on at horse racing events.
What Do You Need to Play Pool?
We’re almost ready to teach you how to rack a pool table, but there’s another thing we need to cover. We need to discuss what you need to play.
If you only plan on playing at the local bar, there isn’t anything you need to bring. All the equipment you’ll ever need is at the bar. However, if you want to set up a pool table at your home, there’s some equipment you’ll want to purchase.
Set of Aska L2 Billiard Pool Cue Sticks, 58″ Hard Rock Canadian Maple,…
- 5 (Five) Pool Cue Sticks Set, One of Each – Black 21-Ounce, Blue 20-Ounce, Brown 19-Ounce, Green 19-Ounce, Red 18-Ounce.
- Cue Length is 58″ (standard cue length). Canadian Hardrock Maple 29″ Shaft.
- Stainless Steel 5/16×18 Joint
Firstly, you’ll want to get a cue case. This isn’t essential, but having a little extra protection for your cue could save you money in the long run.
Additionally, getting a cue cleaner might be necessary. Pool cues get dirty quickly, especially when you use chalk on it frequently. As a result, getting a cleaner will keep your cue from getting gross over time.
Iszy Billiards Pool Table Billiard Ball Set, Marble/Swirl Style
- Grade A deluxe quality – 2 1/4″ regulation size and weight
- Made of polyester resin – 6 ounce balls Marble / swirl style makes a great addition to a table
- Price shown is for full set of balls including cue ball
You’ll also want hand towels available to you if you’re taking the game seriously. It’s easy for your hands to get sweaty when playing, and this can hurt your game. Having hand towels to wipe off your hands will undoubtedly be useful.
Lastly, if you’re playing in competitions, you’ll need some sort of pocket marker. In eight-ball, you need to call your pocket before you sink the eight ball.
Although in many situations you can get away with calling it verbally, having a pocket marker will settle any disputes you could have before they start. It’s also a rule of the American Pool Association for players to use a pocket marker.
How to Play Pool
As we mentioned earlier, there are several types of pool. As a result, before you can learn how to rack a pool table, you should know how to play the game. Here we’ll discuss five of the most popular types of pool.
In this type of pool, the players use the standard 16 balls used in most games. One player breaks the balls. Once a player gets a ball into a pocket, they are assigned either stripes or solids, depending on which type of ball they got in the pocket.
Once the ball types are assigned, the players alternate shooting until one player gets all their balls into the pockets. If you get a ball in a pocket, you get to take another shot.
The one exception is the eight ball. The eight ball does not count as one of the solid balls. Instead, players pocket it last.
Once a player gets all their balls in, they need to sink the eight ball to win. If a player sinks the eight-ball before this, they lose immediately.
Straight pool is one of the variations of pool that takes the longest. In this game, the players try to get any ball on the table into a pocket. Players need to call the ball and pocket when they take a shot.
Each ball a player sinks is worth one point, and games are played to 100 or 150 points. As a result, the balls need to be re-racked several times in a game. This makes learning how to rack a pool table essential for straight pool.
Carom is very different from many other types of pool because there are only three balls. There is a white cue ball for each player and one red ball. Additionally, you play Carom on a pocketless table.
The goal of the game is to hit your ball off the red ball and your opponent’s cue ball in one shot. How many points you need varies from game to game, but the most common number of points to win is 50.
Snooker has 22 balls in total. There is a cue ball, 15 red balls that are each worth one point, and six differently colored balls with an increasing number of points.
A snooker table is significantly larger than a standard pool table. It measures out to be 12 feet long and 6 feet wide. However, it still has six pockets like a standard table.
A game of snooker starts by the players pocketing any red ball. They then try to pocket the other numbered balls in ascending order. The player with more points at the end of the game wins.
The final game we’ll be looking at is English billiards. This is another game where there are only three balls in play. There is a white cue ball, a yellow cue ball, and a red object ball.
When playing English billiards, there are three ways to score. Firstly, you get two points when a cannon happens. A cannon is when your ball hits both other balls.
Hitting your opponent’s ball into the pocket is also worth two points. Finally, hitting the red ball into the pocket is worth three points.
The player with the most points wins the game. The points can be different from game to game, but typically players will play to 300 points.
Learn How to Rack a Pool Table like a Pro
Now that you have a good understanding of pool and many of its variations. It’s time to learn how to rack a pool table. The first thing you do in any game of pool is rack the table, so it’s an essential skill to learn.
In an eight-ball game or any game that uses the standard 16 balls, you start the game by racking all the balls except the cue ball. You begin by placing the one-ball at the front of the rack. The front is also called the apex.
Next, you need to ensure that the eight-ball is at the center of the rack. The center is the third row from the top.
Once the eight-ball is in position, you should make sure that the bottom two corners are a stripe and a solid. It doesn’t matter which corner is which, but they need to be different.
Line it Up
Then you can place the rest of the balls in the rack randomly. It’s a common misconception that stripes and solids can’t touch, but this isn’t true. Stripes and solids can touch each other as long as you follow the instructions above.
Once you place all the balls, you should line the apex up with the middle diamond on the side of the pool table. The diamond should be about a quarter of the length of the table away from the edge. Sometimes the table will have a dot instead of a diamond.
Then, before you remove the rack, make sure you’ve packed the balls together tightly. Now you can gently lift the rack off the balls. If you’ve done this successfully, you’ve learned how to rack a pool table correctly.
Nine-ball games are rare, but if you ever play one, you’ll need to know how to rack a pool table for this game. Firstly, you’ll need a diamond-shaped rack instead of the usual triangle.
Like in the eight-ball game, you should place the one-ball at the apex of the rack. However, instead of the eight-ball, the nine-ball should be at the center. You can then set the rest of the balls in the rack randomly.
If you’ve followed the instructions above, you’ve successfully learned how to rack a pool table for a nine-ball game.
A traditional straight pool rack with the 1 and 5 balls at the bottom corners, and all other balls placed randomly
In straight pool’s first frame, the fifteen object balls are racked with the center of the apex ball placed over the foot spot. Traditionally the 1 ball is placed at the rack’s right corner and the 5 ball is placed at the rack’s left corner for visibility, though there is no such rule requirement. Other balls are placed at random and must touch adjacent balls.
The unique feature of straight pool is the racking that is played when one ball remains. These intra-game racks have a specific set of rules; when the rack is supposed to be replaced, if neither the cue ball nor the object ball remain in the rack area, the balls are replaced with no ball at the apex. At this point, the aim is to pot the remaining ball and carom into the pack of balls, allowing a shot on the next ball to continue the run. Additional rules apply when either ball is in the position where the balls would usually be racked.
As we stated above there are lots of different versions of this game. We didn’t cover cairom, snooker, or english billiards. These versions are different than standart 8 or 9 ball or straight, and some have different racking rules. Not all versions require racking, but if you try out a different version that does use a unique racking method, refer back to the above how to videos for help!
Get Started Playing Pool Today
Now that you’ve learned how to rack a pool table, you can get started playing pool today. You won’t need to waste time figuring out how to rack the balls every time you go to the bar. This way, you can spend more time playing and less time trying to figure out the rules. We hope this guide has been heplful to you as you embark on this journey and adopt this classy and refined game for people with taste.
What’s your favorite type of pool to play? Do you understand how to rack a pool table correctly? Let us know in the comments!